Russia travel guide

Share travel guide:

Table of contents:

Russia Travel Guide

Are you ready to embark on an unforgettable journey? Get ready to explore the wonders of Russia in this ultimate travel guide.

From the majestic beauty of Moscow’s Red Square to the enchanting canals of St. Petersburg, Russia has something for everyone.

Indulge in mouthwatering Russian cuisine, immerse yourself in rich cultural traditions, and discover hidden gems off the beaten path.

With this guide in hand, you’ll have the freedom to create your own extraordinary adventure in Russia.

Getting to Russia

To get to Russia, you’ll need to book a flight or find alternative transportation options. Before you start planning your trip, it’s important to know that most visitors require a visa to enter the country. The visa application process can be time-consuming, so make sure to apply well in advance.

When it comes to transportation options, flying is the most common and convenient way to reach Russia. There are several major international airports in cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg that offer connections from all over the world. It’s advisable to compare prices and book your ticket early for better deals.

If you prefer an alternative option, you can also consider traveling by train or bus. Russia has an extensive railway network connecting major cities within the country and neighboring countries as well. Taking a train journey can be a unique experience and allow you to enjoy scenic views along the way.

Another option is traveling by bus or car if you’re already in Europe or Asia. There are various international bus routes that connect Russia with its neighboring countries, making it a more affordable choice for budget travelers.

No matter which transportation option you choose, make sure to check the latest travel advisories and requirements before your departure. Stay informed about any changes in visa regulations or COVID-19 related guidelines.

Getting to Russia may require some planning ahead, but once you arrive, this vast country will unfold its wonders before your eyes. From historic landmarks in Moscow to stunning landscapes of Siberia, there is so much freedom waiting for you to explore.

Best Time to Visit Russia

The best time to visit Russia would be during the summer months when the weather is most pleasant. From June to August, you can expect warm temperatures and longer daylight hours, making it ideal for exploring all that this vast country has to offer.

During this time, you can partake in a wide range of seasonal activities in Russia. One popular activity is visiting the famous White Nights in St. Petersburg. These magical nights occur from mid-June to early July when the sun barely sets, creating an enchanting atmosphere perfect for strolling along the city’s canals and admiring its beautiful architecture.

If you’re an outdoor enthusiast, summer is also the best time for hiking and camping in Russia’s stunning national parks such as Lake Baikal or Kamchatka Peninsula. You can marvel at breathtaking landscapes, spot unique wildlife, and even take a dip in crystal-clear lakes or hot springs.

For those interested in Russian culture and history, summer offers a multitude of festivals and events across the country. The Moscow International Film Festival takes place in June, showcasing both local and international cinematic talent. In July, you can witness traditional folk performances at the annual Slavic Bazaar festival held in Vitebsk.

Top Attractions in Russia

When it comes to exploring Russia, there are certain landmarks that you simply can’t miss. From the iconic Red Square in Moscow to the breathtaking Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, these must-see attractions offer a glimpse into Russia’s rich history and cultural heritage.

However, if you’re looking for something off the beaten path, Russia also has its fair share of hidden gems waiting to be discovered. Whether it’s the serene beauty of Lake Baikal or the ancient architecture of Suzdal, these lesser-known attractions are sure to leave a lasting impression on your journey through Russia.

Must-See Landmarks

Don’t miss out on visiting the iconic landmarks in Russia. The country is filled with must-see landmarks and historical sites that will leave you in awe.

One of the most famous landmarks is the Red Square in Moscow, a historic square surrounded by magnificent buildings like the Kremlin and St. Basil’s Cathedral. It’s a symbol of power and grandeur.

Another noteworthy landmark is the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, which houses an extensive collection of art from around the world. Its opulent architecture and stunning artworks make it a must-visit for any art lover.

If you’re looking for natural beauty, be sure to visit Lake Baikal, the deepest and oldest lake in the world. Its crystal-clear waters and breathtaking landscapes are truly captivating.

Hidden Gems

Visiting Russia’s hidden gems will provide a unique and off-the-beaten-path travel experience. While popular destinations like Moscow and St. Petersburg offer their own charm, exploring lesser known attractions will give you a true taste of the country’s rich history and diverse culture.

  • Kizhi Island: Located on Lake Onega, Kizhi Island is home to an open-air museum featuring traditional wooden architecture. The highlight is the Transfiguration Church, built entirely without nails.
  • Valley of Geysers: Tucked away in the Kamchatka Peninsula, this remote valley is a natural wonderland with over 20 geysers and countless hot springs. It’s like stepping into a surreal landscape.
  • Solovetsky Islands: These secluded islands in the White Sea are home to an ancient monastery complex that dates back to the 15th century. Explore its labyrinthine corridors and soak in the peaceful atmosphere of the Solovetsky Islands.

Exploring Russian Cuisine

You’ll love trying traditional Russian dishes while exploring the country’s rich cuisine. Russia is known for its diverse culinary traditions, with a wide array of mouthwatering and unique flavors to experience. From hearty soups to savory dumplings, there is something for everyone to enjoy.

One of the most iconic traditional Russian dishes is borscht. This vibrant beet soup is packed with flavor and often includes ingredients like beef, cabbage, potatoes, and carrots. It’s typically served with a dollop of sour cream on top, adding a creamy element to the dish.

Another must-try dish is pelmeni, which are small dumplings filled with meat or vegetables. These bite-sized delights are usually boiled and served with butter or sour cream.

If you’re looking for something indulgent yet satisfying, try blini. These thin pancakes are similar to crepes and can be enjoyed sweet or savory. Fillings range from caviar and smoked salmon to honey and fresh berries – the options are endless!

For those craving a meaty treat, sample shashlik – juicy skewered meats that are marinated and grilled to perfection.

To truly immerse yourself in Russian culinary traditions, be sure to visit local markets where you can find an abundance of fresh produce, spices, cheeses, and more. Exploring these markets will give you insight into the ingredients used in traditional Russian cooking.

No matter where your travels take you in Russia, don’t miss the opportunity to indulge in its rich culinary heritage. With its flavorful dishes and unique combinations of ingredients, it’s no wonder that traditional Russian cuisine continues to captivate food lovers around the world. So go ahead – savor every bite and embrace the freedom of exploring new tastes!

Tips for Navigating Russian Cities

When navigating Russian cities, it’s helpful to familiarize yourself with the local transportation system. Russia is a vast country with bustling cities, and getting around can seem daunting at first. However, with these tips for exploring Russian markets and navigating public transportation in Russia, you’ll be able to navigate the streets like a pro.

  • Research the metro: The metro is the most convenient mode of transportation in Russian cities. It’s efficient, reliable, and affordable. Before your trip, research the metro lines and stations in the city you’re visiting. Familiarize yourself with the maps and timetables so that you can easily plan your journeys.
  • Purchase a transport card: To make your travels even smoother, consider purchasing a transport card. These cards can be loaded with credit and used on various modes of public transportation like buses, trams, trolleybuses, and even some taxis. They save you from having to buy individual tickets for each journey.
  • Visit local markets: Exploring Russian markets is a must-do experience when visiting the country. From fresh produce to handmade crafts and souvenirs, these vibrant markets offer a glimpse into Russian culture. Wander through rows of colorful stalls selling everything from traditional clothing to delicious street food.

As you explore Russian cities using public transportation or immerse yourself in lively marketplaces, remember that freedom lies within your choices. Embrace new experiences as you navigate these vibrant urban landscapes – from hopping on a metro train to haggling for treasures at local markets – allowing yourself to truly embrace all that Russia has to offer.

Russian Cultural Traditions and Etiquette

To fully immerse yourself in Russian culture, it’s important to understand and respect their cultural traditions and etiquette. Russia is a country rich in history and traditions, and these customs play a significant role in the lives of its people. One of the best ways to experience Russian culture is by participating in their holiday traditions.

Russian holiday traditions are deeply rooted in centuries-old customs that have been passed down through generations. One such tradition is Maslenitsa, also known as Pancake Week, which marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring. During this week-long celebration, families gather to indulge in delicious pancakes topped with various fillings like honey or caviar.

Another important aspect of Russian culture is their wedding customs. Russian weddings are grand affairs filled with elaborate ceremonies and rituals. One popular tradition is the ‘buying out’ of the bride, where the groom must negotiate with friends or family members to gain access to his beloved before the wedding ceremony can take place.

During the wedding reception, guests participate in traditional dances like the ‘korovai dance,’ where everyone joins hands and dances around a special bread called korovai symbolizing prosperity and abundance for the newlyweds.

Understanding these cultural traditions will not only enhance your travel experience but also show your respect for Russian culture. So make sure to embrace these customs during your visit, as they provide an insight into Russia’s rich heritage and create memorable moments that will stay with you long after you leave this beautiful country.

Outdoor Activities in Russia

Looking for some thrilling outdoor adventures in Russia? Look no further!

Get ready to hit the slopes and carve up the powdery snow while skiing in Siberia.

If hiking is more your style, explore the stunning landscapes of Caucasus and challenge yourself with breathtaking trails.

And for those seeking an adrenaline rush, rafting through the wild rapids of Altai will surely get your heart racing. Whatever your adventure preference, Russia has it all!

Skiing in Siberia

Hit the slopes in Siberia and experience world-class skiing at its finest. Siberia is home to some of the most breathtaking ski resorts in Russia, offering a perfect blend of thrilling winter sports and stunning natural landscapes. Here are three reasons why skiing in Siberia should be on your bucket list:

  • Untouched beauty: From snow-covered mountains to dense forests, Siberia’s ski resorts provide a backdrop of untouched nature that will leave you awe-struck.
  • Varied terrain: Whether you’re a beginner or an expert skier, Siberia has slopes for every skill level. From gentle slopes for beginners to challenging black diamond runs for adrenaline junkies, there’s something for everyone.
  • Authentic experience: Skiing in Siberia offers an authentic experience away from crowded tourist destinations. Enjoy the freedom to explore vast expanses of untouched powder snow and connect with nature like never before.

Embark on an adventure to Siberia and discover the ultimate winter sports haven that will make your skiing dreams come true.

Hiking in Caucasus

Hiking in the Caucasus offers breathtaking mountain vistas and a chance to explore diverse ecosystems. The Caucasus Mountains, stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, are a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. With its rugged peaks, lush valleys, and picturesque lakes, this region is perfect for trekking routes that will leave you awe-inspired.

You can choose from various trails that cater to different levels of difficulty and duration. From gentle strolls through alpine meadows to challenging ascents up rocky slopes, there’s something for everyone. As you hike through these majestic mountains, you’ll encounter a rich variety of flora and fauna, including rare species like the Caucasian leopard.

Rafting in Altai

After exploring the stunning hiking trails of the Caucasus, it’s time to take your adventure to the next level with some thrilling white water rafting in Altai. Nestled in southern Siberia, Altai is a hidden gem for adrenaline junkies seeking an unforgettable experience. Get ready to navigate through exhilarating rapids and witness breathtaking landscapes as you paddle down crystal-clear rivers.

Here are three reasons why rafting in Altai should be on every adventure traveler’s bucket list:

  • Spectacular Scenery: Immerse yourself in the untouched beauty of Altai’s wilderness, with towering mountains, lush forests, and glistening lakes surrounding you at every turn.
  • Adrenaline-Pumping Rapids: Brace yourself for heart-pounding moments as you conquer challenging rapids that will test your skills and leave you craving more.
  • Cultural Immersion: Discover the rich heritage of the local Kazakh people who have inhabited this region for centuries, adding depth and meaning to your rafting journey.

Embark on this white water adventure in Altai and create memories that will last a lifetime.

Hidden Gems of Russia

One of Russia’s hidden gems is the picturesque town of Suzdal, known for its charming architecture and tranquil atmosphere. Tucked away from the hustle and bustle of city life, Suzdal offers a unique experience for travelers seeking off the beaten path destinations in Russia.

As you wander through the cobblestone streets of Suzdal, you’ll be captivated by its stunning collection of ancient churches and monasteries. The golden domes glisten under the sun, creating a truly magical sight. Take a moment to step inside these architectural marvels and admire their intricate frescoes and ornate decorations.

Beyond its architectural wonders, Suzdal boasts a peaceful ambiance that will transport you back in time. Stroll along the riverbanks lined with blooming flowers and listen to the soothing sound of water flowing gently downstream. Relax in one of the cozy cafes or explore local craft shops where artisans showcase their traditional skills.

For those seeking adventure, rent a bicycle and pedal your way through the surrounding countryside. Explore vast meadows dotted with colorful wildflowers and visit nearby villages that seem frozen in time. Capture breathtaking views from hilltops overlooking endless fields and immerse yourself in nature’s tranquility.

In recent years, more travelers have begun to discover this hidden gem, but it still remains delightfully untouched by mass tourism. Embrace your freedom as you explore this charming town at your own pace, without feeling rushed or crowded.

Suzdal is just one example of Russia’s many hidden gems waiting to be discovered. So venture off the beaten path and uncover these lesser-known destinations that offer an authentic glimpse into Russian culture and history.

Is Sochi a big tourist destination in Russia?

Yes, Sochi is a big tourist destination in Russia, known for its beautiful landscapes and diverse Sochi tourist attractions. From the stunning beaches along the Black Sea to the majestic Caucasus Mountains, there is no shortage of natural beauty to explore. Additionally, the city offers various cultural and historical landmarks to visit.

How important is Yekaterinburg in Russia?

Yekaterinburg is a significant city in Russia, serving as the economic and cultural hub of the Urals region. As the fourth-largest city in the country, Yekaterinburg plays a vital role in Russia’s industrial and commercial sectors. It also holds historical significance as the place where the last Tsar and his family were executed.

Why you should visit Russia

Now that you’ve explored the wonders of Russia, it’s time to pack your bags and embark on an unforgettable adventure.

From the majestic beauty of its landscapes to the rich cultural traditions, Russia has something for everyone.

So, what are you waiting for? Get ready to immerse yourself in the vibrant cities, tantalize your taste buds with delicious Russian cuisine, and uncover hidden gems that will leave you breathless.

Your journey awaits…don’t miss out on this incredible experience!

Russia Tourist Guide Elena Ivanova
Introducing Elena Ivanova, your seasoned guide to the rich tapestry of Russia’s cultural and historical marvels. With a profound passion for sharing the stories of her homeland, Elena seamlessly blends expertise with enthusiasm, ensuring each expedition becomes an unforgettable journey through time. Her extensive knowledge of Russia’s iconic landmarks, from the opulent splendors of the Hermitage Museum to the storied streets of Moscow’s Red Square, is complemented by an innate ability to connect with travelers of all backgrounds. With Elena at your side, prepare to embark on an immersive exploration of Russia’s diverse landscapes, vibrant traditions, and captivating narratives. Discover the heart of this enigmatic nation through the eyes of a guide whose commitment to authenticity and warmth will leave you with cherished memories for a lifetime.

Image Gallery of Russia

Official tourism websites of Russia

The official tourism board website(s) of Russia:

Unesco World Heritage List in Russia

These are the places and monuments in the Unesco World Heritage List in Russia:
  • Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
  • Kizhi Pogost
  • Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow
  • Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands
  • Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings
  • White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal
  • Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra in Sergiev Posad
  • Church of the Ascension, Kolomenskoye
  • Virgin Komi Forests
  • Lake Baikal
  • Volcanoes of Kamchatka
  • Golden Mountains of Altai
  • Western Caucasus
  • Curonian Spit
  • Ensemble of the Ferapontov Monastery
  • Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin
  • Central Sikhote-Alin
  • Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent
  • Uvs Nuur Basin
  • Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent
  • Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve
  • Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl
  • Struve Geodetic Arc
  • Putorana Plateau
  • Lena Pillars Nature Park
  • Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex
  • Assumption Cathedral and Monastery of the town-island of Sviyazhsk
  • Landscapes of Dauria
  • Churches of the Pskov School of Architecture
  • Petroglyphs of Lake Onega and the White Sea

Share Russia travel guide:

Video of Russia

Vacation packages for your holidays in Russia

Sightseeing in Russia

Check out the best things to do in Russia on and enjoy skip-the-line tickets and tours with expert guides.

Book accommodation in hotels in Russia

Compare worldwide hotel prices from 70+ of the biggest platforms and discover amazing offers for hotels in Russia on

Book flight tickets for Russia

Search for amazing offers for flight tickets to Russia on

Buy travel insurance for Russia

Stay safe and worry-free in Russia with the appropriate travel insurance. Cover your health, luggage, tickets and more with Ekta Travel Insurance.

Car rentals in Russia

Rent any car you like in Russia and take advantage of the active deals on or, the biggest car rental providers in the world.
Compare prices from 500+ trusted providers worldwide and benefit from low prices in 145+ countries.

Book taxi for Russia

Have a taxi waiting for you at the airport in Russia by

Book motorcycles, bicycles or ATVs in Russia

Rent a motorcycle, bicycle, scooter or ATV in Russia on Compare 900+ rental companies worldwide and book with Price Match Guarantee.

Buy an eSIM card for Russia

Stay connected 24/7 in Russia with an eSIM card from or

Plan your trip with our affiliate links for exclusive offers frequently available only through our partnerships.
Your support helps us enhance your travel experience. Thank you for choosing us and have safe travels.